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What exactly is a commercial motor vehicle or commercial truck?

Generally Commercial Motor Vehicles include vehicles used to transport goods or passengers in interstate (across state boundaries) or intrastate (within the state) commerce.  Examples of commercial trucks are semi-trucks, tractor-trailers, 18-wheelers, delivery vehicles, freight trucks, and dump trucks.  A fully-loaded commercial truck can weigh up to 80,000 pounds. But CMV’s also include: vehicles that have a gross vehicle weight rating, gross combination weight rating, gross vehicle weight, or gross combination weight of 10,001 pounds or more; vehicles designed to transport more than 8 passengers (including the driver) for compensation; vehicles designed to transport more than 16 passengers (including the driver) and is not used to transport passengers for compensation; or vehicles transporting hazardous materials in a quantity requiring the vehicle to be placarded.

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